Type 2 Diabetes
Much of what we eat is converted to glucose (sugar), which is carried to the body’s cells through the bloodstream. Glucose is used for energy, which enables all of the body’s systems to function properly. Insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, is needed to open the cells to allow glucose to enter.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body produces little or no insulin, or does not properly use the insulin. Diabetes significantly impacts blood vessel function, which affects the eyes, heart, kidneys and nerves. The two prominent forms of diabetes are type 1 and type 2.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2is the most prevalent form of the disease. In type 2 diabetes, two problems can cause the blood sugar level to rise. The body may be resistant to insulin, or the pancreas may not make as much insulin as the body needs. This results in muscles not properly drawing sugar from the blood stream and the liver, which stores sugar, releasing too much. Symptoms typically develop slowly over time.
Ninety percent of those with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.
American Diabetes Association: Type 2 Diabetes
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