Diabetes Management


What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition in which the body either does not produce insulin or does not use insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. It helps the body use glucose, a sugar that is the main energy source for the body. When insulin is absent or ineffective, the level of glucose increases in the blood. High glucose levels can lead to a number of health complications.

There are two primary types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Type 2 is the most common and affects about 90% of the diabetic population. It is a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin and/or produces insulin, but is unable to use it properly.

In the case of Type 1 diabetes, the body produces little or no insulin. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and young adults.

Diabetes Treatment
Treatment for Type 2 diabetes includes medications, meal planning, exercise, weight loss, self-monitoring of glucose levels, and learning to manage the disease. Treatment for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are similar. However, people with Type 1 always require insulin injections, and weight loss is generally not needed.

Exercise needs to be a regular regimen
for people with diabetes. 

Are you at risk for diabetes?
Anyone can develop diabetes. Although its cause is not known, both genetic and environmental factors seem to come into play. Type 2 is associated with a family history in the majority of cases. People who are severely over weight or obese are also prone to developing this form of the disease. African Americans, Latinos and Native Americans have a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes than the general population. Women who have had Gestational Diabetes (diabetes while pregnant), or those who have had babies weighing more than 9 pounds, are at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes.Others at greater risk include those who are:
over the age of 40
have a family history of the disease
are overweight
lead a sedentary lifestyle
have a low HDL cholesterol level or high triglycerides
have hypertension

The Diabetes Management Program
at Newton-Wellesley Hospital
This program is recognized by the American Diabetes Association and is designed for people with diabetes and their families. The program ensures consistently high standards of care for patients, which improves the quality of their lives. The program offers ongoing peer support groups, individual education, and group classes in day-to-day aspects of managing diabetes.

How can the Diabetes Management Program
at Newton-Wellesley Hospital Help You?

Individual Evaluation: Each person entering the program is carefully evaluated by a Certified Diabetes Educator and a Nutritionist. Both are highly experienced in diabetes education. A special individualized program is then developed to meet your specific needs.

Group Classes: You are not alone. Meeting with other people with diabetes who are facing the same challenges can be beneficial. Group classes are offered both days and evenings.

Diabetes Education: Managing diabetes requires understanding your condition. Learning and practicing the behaviors that help control diabetes will then make sense and are much easier for you to adopt.

Nutritional Counseling: Eating the right amount and types of food is essential. Our nutritionists will teach you how different foods affect the body's blood glucose level, how to calculate calories and carbohydrates, and how to plan your meals.

What, when and how much a person with diabetes eats 
is an important aspect of keeping blood glucose level
as close to normal as possible.

Exercise: Exercise is very important. Program staff will advise you on the right type and amount of physical activity based on your individual requirements.

Self-Monitoring and Medications: You will learn how and when to test blood glucose levels and how to administer insulin injections or take diabetes medications.

Support Groups: Sharing ideas and experiences with others who have this disease can be helpful.

You must be referred by your physician. Talk with your doctor about whether he or she thinks the Diabetes Management Program would be medically helpful for you.

When you have a physician's referral, telephone (617) 243-6800 for an appointment (Central Scheduling at Newton-Wellesley Hospital).

INSURANCE REIMBURSEMENT: Program cost or portions of it may be covered by your health insurance. Contact your insurance provider to find out. Medicare and Medicaid are accepted.

Location and Hours:
Newton-Wellesley Hospital, 2014 Washington Street, Newton, Massachusetts 02462
The Diabetes Management Program is open Monday through Friday.


Newton-Wellesley Hospital has written a variety of different health articles about diabetes and various other subjects. These materials are intended to provide general educational information and to help users arrange more easily for health care services. 

These articles are not an attempt to practice medicine or provide specific medical advice and should not be used to make a diagnosis or to replace or overrule a qualified health care provider's judgment. Nor should users rely upon this information if they need emergency medical treatment. We strongly encourage users to consult with a qualified health care professional for answers to personal questions.



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